North Macedonia relies on coal and hydro for its electricity generation, having wind and solar in small amounts as part of the overall energy mix.

  • Operational capacity of thermal power plants: 825 MW (lignite), gas fired 287 MW and 210 (heavy fuel oil)
  • Active hydro capacities: 687 MW
  • Active wind capacities: 37 MW
  • Active solar capacities: 24 MW
  • Biogas: 7 MW

Electricity losses in the transmission grid for 2019 are at 1.2%, or 120 GWh of electrical energy.

Electricity losses in the distribution system for 2019 are at 13.9%, or 859 GWh of electrical energy.

For North Macedonia, in 2019:

the net imports represented 2,472 GWh

the net exports represented 646 GWh

Primary energy products available (in ktoe) for 2017

The district heating system in N. Macedonia is available in Skopje. It provides currently for only about 6.7% of the total heat demand.

Total installed capacity in MWt:

In Skopje, the total installed capacity is 642 MWt;


Mandatory target for RES by 2020: 21%. This target has been achieved at a level of 18.52% of energy from RES in the final gross consumption of energy in 2018.

As a signatory of the Energy Community Treaty, N. Macedonia was committed to meet the savings target of 9% or around 147.2 ktoe, by 2018. However, this target has not been met, as well as new targets have not been adopted (2019).

Greenhouse gas emissions in N. Macedonia are in 2016 around 11,000,000 tons of CO₂ and in energy sector 7,660,000 tons of CO₂ equivalent.